Coffee Grind Size Chart 2022: How Fine Should You Grind?

Ultimate Coffee Grind Size Chart

If you’re just getting into coffee brewing, you may find yourself overwhelmed by the size of the grind. what type of grind is best for french press, espresso or cold brew? you might be tempted to buy pre-ground beans instead of learning how to grind them at home. but read this first!

Reading: Best grind for coffee maker

don’t worry, you won’t have to resort to less fresh coffee beans. Our coffee grind size chart has all the information you’ll need to become an expert grinder. From the finest to the coarsest grind, we’ve put together all the information you’re looking for. First we’ll show you why you’ll want to grind at home, and then we’ll cover what each grind size looks like. Finally, we’ll show you which grind sizes work best for each brew method. and stick around for our discussion on why grind size matters and some helpful FAQs.

why should you grind coffee beans at home?

When it comes to coffee flavor, freshness is king. No matter your roast or country of origin, to get the most flavor from your beans, you want them to be as fresh as possible. this means making sure they’ve been roasted and ground as recently as possible.

When in contact with oxygen, coffee beans begin to lose flavor and become rancid. For that reason, freshly roasted coffee tastes its best in a week or two, while freshly ground coffee begins to lose flavor 15 minutes after grinding. Even if you purchased complex gourmet beans and recently roasted them, over-grinding them can produce bland, uninteresting cups of coffee. for best flavor, grind beans just before preparing.

Another reason to grind your coffee beans at home is that different types of coffee makers require different grind sizes. We’ll get into the details a bit later, but keep in mind that some brewing methods require very specific grinds that may be more difficult to purchase at the store or may not come in your favorite variety of coffee beans. If you grind your beans at home, you can easily tailor the grind size for any bean, from espresso to French press and back again.

the 7 types of ground coffee:

There are seven main coffee grind sizes. Read on to find out what they are, what they look like, and what types of brewers they’re best suited for.

For our full list of all seven coffee grind sizes, we’ve taken close-up photos of each one so you can get an idea of ​​the texture you’re looking for. For scale, we’ve added a US quarter, which has a diameter of 0.955 inches and a width of 0.069 inches.

1. extra coarse grind

Extra-Coarse Coffee Grind

extra coarse grits are only lightly ground, often using the largest setting on a burr grinder. they have a very rough texture and you can still see the shape of the original grains.

This grind is best suited for cold brew and cowboy style (coffee boiled in a pan with grounds).

2. coarsely ground

Coarse Coffee Grind

coarse beans have a texture similar to kosher or sea salt, with large, uniform chunks.

This grind is best for cupping coffee, French presses, and percolators.

see also: best coarse ground coffee you can buy

3. medium-coarse grind

Medium Coarse Coffee Grind

medium-coarse grains have a texture similar to coarse sand, with grind levels between medium and coarse.

this grind works best in specialty coffee makers like black coffee or chemex.

4. medium grind

Medium Coffee Grind

See also: 5 Best Peruvian Coffee Brands in 2022 – Reviews & Top Picks

Medium grind is the most common grind size for pre-ground beans, with a smoother sand-like texture.

This ground is ideal for drip coffee makers and siphon coffee makers. it will also work in an aeropress if you let it sit for more than three minutes.

5. medium-fine grind

Medium Fine Coffee Grind

medium-fine grains have a slightly smoother texture than sand.

This grind is best for cone-shaped pour-over machines, vacuum brewers, and aeropress brewers with a two to three minute brew time.

6. finely ground

Fine Coffee Grind

Finely ground beans have a very smooth, powder-like texture. this type of grind is also easy to find in pre-ground bags and is often labeled as espresso grind.

This grind is required for espresso machines. also works in an aeropress with a short preparation time of one to two minutes.

7. ground extra fine

Extra Fine Coffee Grind

extra fine grind size has a texture like powder or flour.

extra-fine grind is used primarily to make Turkish coffee and is sometimes called Turkish grind.

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what is the best grind size for each brewing method? (table of ground coffee sizes)

A good rule of thumb when deciding on grind size is that the coarser you grind the beans, the slower they will impart flavor to the water. you may want to consider how your favorite preparation method works. when you pour water through the grounds quickly, you should be able to pick up the flavor quickly. if the water is going to stay in the soil longer, you’ll want a larger soil that imparts flavor more slowly.

  • Brewing methods like French press and cold brew involve the water sitting with the soil for at least a few minutes, so they require coarsely ground beans to prevent over-extraction.
  • in the middle, you’ll find pour-over and drip coffeemakers that allow water to sit with the ground coffee for a few seconds and therefore require medium to medium-fine grinds.
  • at the other end of the spectrum, methods like espresso machines and moka pots push the water or steam out very quickly, so they need a very fine grind.
  • why is grind size important?

    The size of the grind can affect the flavor and texture of your brewed coffee. it can mean the difference between a delicious and flavorful coffee and a coffee that is bland, bland or overly textured.

    texture

    If you’ve ever had a bitter, slimy cup of French press coffee, you know that using the wrong grind size can affect your brewed coffee. When brewing coffee with a metal filter, such as a French press, percolator, or espresso machine, grinding too fine can cause the coffee grounds to shift through the perforations in the filter and make brewed coffee salty, cloudy, and overly textured.

    cloth and paper filters have tighter weaves, so you’re unlikely to get ground, even if you grind very finely, but you may find that the coffee takes much longer to brew.

    flavor

    To get the best flavor from your beans, you’ll want to extract them well. extraction is when water moves through the ground, picking up the distinctive flavors of coffee and caffeine. When brewing, you want to avoid over-extracting and under-extracting and instead stay right in the middle of a good extraction.

    what is underextraction?

    Under-extraction occurs when the water is unable to acquire enough flavor as it passes through the coffee grounds. this can happen if you use the wrong filter or water temperature, but the biggest factor in under-extraction is ground coffee that is too coarse.

    Under-extracted coffee has a weak, mild flavor and tastes sour and slightly sour or salty.

    what is overextraction?

    See also: Best Coffee Sampler Packs – Review & Buyer Guide

    Over-extraction occurs when water acquires too much flavor as it passes through the soil. it is usually caused by coffee beans that are too finely ground.

    over-extracted coffee is bitter and overwhelmingly strong, with no complex flavors.

    types of grinders

    To get the perfect grind size, you’ll need a big grinder. There are two main types of coffee grinders, blades and burs. Blade grinders rotate metal blades in a propeller-like motion to cut coffee beans. To adjust the grind size on a blade grinder, you grind for a longer or shorter time, and the longer you grind, the finer the grind size. blade grinders are less expensive but also less precise and produce more inconsistent grounds.

    burr grinders work by grinding coffee beans between rotating burrs. they generally have a variety of grind size settings, which alter the distance between the burrs. burr grinders can be manual or electric and are generally more expensive, but produce more consistent grounds.

    Interested in learning more about grinders? check out our detailed guide to the two main types.

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    frequently asked questions about the best ground coffee size:

    what is the best french press grind size?

    a coarse grind is best for a French press coffee maker, with a coarse texture similar to sea salt. this will prevent your coffee from being over-extracted or too slimy.

    what is the right grind size for cold brew?

    Cold brew works best with an extra coarse grind size, typically the largest setting on a burr grinder. this is because it is brewed at a low temperature for a long period of time.

    what is the perfect chemex grind size?

    The chemex coffee maker works best with a medium-coarse grind level, which has a texture like coarse sand.

    best grind size for Chemex

    what is the ideal aeropress grind size?

    For a great cup of aeropress coffee, you’ll want a grind size between medium and fine, depending on how long you let it brew. for a brew longer than three minutes, use medium beans. for two to three minutes, use medium to fine grains. for a minute or two, try fine grinds.

    what is the best grind size for pour over coffee?

    pour-over coffee is best brewed with a medium to medium-fine grind size.

    what is the best espresso grind size?

    for espresso, you’ll want finely ground coffee beans. espresso pushes water quickly through the beans, so you’ll need a finely ground coffee to produce a strong drink.

    what is the perfect drip coffee grind size?

    drip coffee makers typically work best with a medium grind size, similar to soft sand.

    best grind size for drip coffee makers

    what grind size works best when using a moka pot?

    Moka pots, similar to espresso machines, require a fine grind size.

    How often should you grind your coffee to keep it fresh?

    For the freshest taste, grind your coffee each time you brew. coffee starts to lose flavor about 15 minutes after you grind it, so to keep it fresh, you’ll want to grind just the amount you need just before brewing.

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    conclusion

    Learning to grind beans doesn’t have to be difficult. With the help of this comprehensive guide, you can grind your beans to the correct size with confidence. From extra coarse to extra fine, there are quite a few grind sizes, and grinding your coffee beans correctly will set you up to brew a delicious cup of coffee. We hope this coffee ground size chart has answered all your questions and helped you make the best coffee possible!

    more great reads:

    See also: Honda Cd 50 Độ Cafe Racer Cần Bán, Honda Cd50 Cafe Racer

    • how to grind coffee beans without a grinder
    • 10 Best Grindstone Coffee Grinders – Top Picks & reviews
    • why do you need a sifter for ground coffee? the kruve sieve set
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